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Essentials of assessment procedures

In order to achieve mutual trust across national and institutional borders it is important to reflect the essentials of assessment procedures which shall meet the requirements of trans-nationally acknowledged measures:

  • Descriptions of assessment rules have to specify the learning outcomes to be achieved (which are derived from work processes).

  • The way how individuals have to prove that they possess the abilities to be achieved should be oriented to their specific character and demonstrate, as far as possible, the application of these abilities.

    There are certainly limitations for procedures of this kind: A simulation of a real world scenario will not very often be possible, and if we consider the three columns of EQF descriptors, we can easily discover that knowledge can be controlled without big efforts, it becomes more difficult with skills (which normally requires a work environment), and it becomes even more challenging with competence. Nevertheless, it should not given up from the very beginning to make assessment procedures more “reality-oriented” ; at any rate assessment procedures should not “disappear” behind certification degrees, but be described in certificates, thereby showing the value of assessment by the degree of “realism”. This creates transparency, an indispensable condition of mutual trust.

  • Subdivision or separation of assessment measures should mirror the structure of work processes and not primarily be oriented to bureaucratic or organisational issues. This should on the one hand provide for enough flexibility to make the same learning outcomes useable for differing education and training paths if the same partial work process appears as a part of different professions (or ensembles of professional activities), on the other hand it should be ensured that these partial work processes are independent enough from others that they allow for an assessment of overarching abilities.

  • Since in spite of all efforts to provide for trans-national comparability of assessment procedures there will always be a certain spectrum of differing understanding, it is important that a commitment of stakeholders responsible for assessment in national and sectoral environment is achieved who will in the future collaborate transnationally and by practice create zones of mutual trust[1].

  • Assessment procedures should, as far as this is relevant, refer to European quality assurance standards as defined by EQAVET and EQAR.

    [1] establishment of trust between (the stakeholders of) different national VET systems based on acceptance of differences between national qualification systems at different levels


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